Top 9 best styles for garden design
First determine the style
Wanting to transform the old garden or arrange a new one, we take a pencil, paper in our hands, and draw a sketch of a future project. But you do not need to start with this. Long before your pencil touches the paper, you need to determine the style.
Style defines everything.
Style is a collection of elements that form its complete image.. The style determines everything from the planning decision of the site to the selection of plants and decor. Garden is not clothing - it can be used for decades, and therefore it is worth paying enough attention to its styling. The first thing you can do is learn more about existing design trends.return to menu ↑
Strict geometry and symmetry of all elements and structures
The named style is also called “classical” or “geometric”. It originated in the era of the French king Louis XIV. Famous gardens of Versailles - the main source of inspiration for fans of this direction.
In this style, dominated by plants that can be cut and keep their shape for a long time.
The following features are typical for classic French:
- strict geometry and symmetry of all elements, structures;
- pronounced composition axis;
- clear plan with strict lines;
- ornamental flower garden;
- the predominance of plants that can be cut, long-lasting shape (used to create topiarnyh figures).
Clear plan with strict lines
The garden, fully sustained in French, can be found not very often. However, the use of its individual elements or design in a classic particular area is very popular.
The use of individual elements or design in a classic style is very popular.
For example, you can use such a refined geometric element as a maze. Even in a small area it is possible to arrange a fragment of muddy paths with the help of a curb of cropped shrubs or a lawn.
Even in a small area it is possible to arrange a fragment of confusing maze-like tracks.return to menu ↑
In English or landscape, the key role played by the unity of man with nature. Therefore, it is always closest to the natural landscape.
This direction arose as a counterweight to the French. His first masters drew inspiration from paintings by famous painters, namely Claude Lorrain, Nicolas Poussin. Landscape distinguish:
In the English style the basis is the solitude of man with nature.
- imitation of natural landscapes;
- randomness of decorative elements;
- planting plant hierarchy;
- lack of straightness and symmetry.
English is considered one of the least expensive. This is because minimal changes are made to the existing landscape.
English style is considered one of the least expensiveIf you choose English, decorate it with rock garden. This stone structure, which is close to the mountainous terrain, is usually grown on perennial plants, common in the highlands.
Decorate your garden with rock gardenreturn to menu ↑
In such a garden, everything has to languishing, bliss. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which were included in the list of 7 wonders of the world of antiquity, were performed exactly in the east. Until our time, they have not survived, but we have the gardens of the Alhambra in Spain, which the described direction is also called "Moorish."
Among the characteristic features of the eastern stands out:
- a reservoir (pond, fountain or canal) is the center of the composition;
- geometrical correctness of the layout;
- decorative paving, made of colored tiles or stone;
- covered galleries, arches entwined with plants;
- rose garden, the elements of which are selected by color, aroma;
Pond as a center of composition
The patio deserves attention. It is important that it be closed, opaque. Create a space inaccessible to prying eyes, you can with the help of densely planted tall shrubs and trees.
Patioreturn to menu ↑
Mediterranean is a mix of Roman, ancient Greek and modern traditions. It imitates the atmosphere of southern cities with their small streets, fragrant plants, and cozy terraces. The design of the Mediterranean calls to forget about the bustle, to devote time to rest.
The Mediterranean garden is a mix of Roman, ancient Greek and modern traditions.
The main distinguishing features of the Mediterranean:
- soft color scale (yellow, blue, orange, red colors);
- tracks of sand, pebbles, terracotta;
- terracotta ceramics, culture;
- clearly marked recreation area (most often it is a terrace with garden furniture).
Terracotta ceramics and sculpture are characteristic of this style.
In the Mediterranean, water plays an important role. So, it is worth thinking about an artificial pond, pool, fountain or cascade. It is the murmur of water that immerses into the atmosphere of the Mediterranean.Many plants characteristic of the Mediterranean, poorly adapted to temperate latitudes. The easiest way out - in the cold season to keep exotics indoors. In addition, you can buy perfectly tolerate a temperate climate, spirea, barberry, privet.
Think of an artificial pond, pool, fountain, or cascade.return to menu ↑
Dutch seems to be something like a flower bed dotted with multi-colored tulips. In fact, it is a bright style, full of individual elements. It has the following characteristics:
Contrast bright colors are widely used in the Dutch style.
- modest size;
- contrasting bright colors;
- extensive use of bulbous plants (tulips, hyacinths, crocuses, daffodils);
- tracks of regular geometric shape;
- well-kept lawn;
- lack of high growing trees.
Flowers play a huge role
The first violin in Dutch is played by flowers, which does not exclude the use of undersized evergreens, such as juniper or dwarf thuja. The main thing is that the trees do not overshadow, but complement the beauty of flowers. Dutch is ideal for owners of small areas.return to menu ↑